Hi June – I am really amazed at the challenges you
have faced while starting this program. I hope you are ok!
I thought your content of this paper more than
completed the assignment expectations. You have clearly identified a major
“theme’ of the paper and brought in ideas from your readings to support these
thoughts. Your organization is clear and
your ideas are well-stated.
Literally the
only thing that I noticed that is really
subtle is related to your in-text citations. If you have an entire paragraph
from one source, you would put the
in-text citation after the first sentence of the paragraph. Often times also, ideas that are not common
knowledge will be cited with an in-text citation (even if you personally know it – you have to prove that the
idea is legitimate). So, you will see a couple of places where I put “(CITE)” –
I would just insert a reference here (likely one of the two that you have here.

Please let me know if you have any questions!  This is
very well-done – especially given your circumstances.
~Valerie Glass 6/21/16*****There is a video for this week that explains subject matter which consists of unit 9. Tips for a successful completion of the Week 11 assignment. http://www.viddler.com/v/c2a49379?secret=30911611Watch VideoNote: As always just let me know what you need. I will try to get it too you as quickly as possible.Thank you Brenda.1
Running Head: PTSD AND FAMILIES
Hi June – I am really amazed at the challenges you have faced while starting this program. I
hope you are ok!
I thought your content of this paper more than completed the assignment expectations. You have
clearly identified a major “theme’ of the paper and brought in ideas from your readings to
support these thoughts. Your organization is clear and your ideas are well-stated.
Literally the only thing that I noticed that is really subtle is related to your in-text citations. If
you have an entire paragraph from one source, you would put the in-text citation after the first
sentence of the paragraph. Often times also, ideas that are not common knowledge will be cited
with an in-text citation (even if you personally know it – you have to prove that the idea is
legitimate). So, you will see a couple of places where I put “(CITE)” – I would just insert a
reference here (likely one of the two that you have here.
Please let me know if you have any questions! This is very well-done – especially given your
circumstances.
~Valerie Glass 6/21/16
PTSD and Families
Amanda June Lewis
Strategies for Academic Success
June 19, 2016
Dr. Valerie Glass
PTSD AND FAMILIES
2
PTSD and Families
PTSD is a mental health disorder which appears when a person has been exposed to
trauma or has been traumatized by a specific event. PTSD is especially common in soldiers
returning from war (cite?). When a soldier experiences PTSD, they will suffer from nightmares,
flashbacks, high levels of anxiety, mood shifts, and they will engage in self-destructive behaviors
(Cite?). Soldiers who develop PTSD experience significant distress which can negatively impact
the quality of their lives. Research has shown when soldiers develop PTSD, it not only
negatively impacts their lives but impacts the lives of family members and especially intimate
relationships.
The research shows not every soldier will contract PTSD. Instead, some soldiers will be
more vulnerable (cite?). The identified risk factors include past mental health issues, gender,
personality, race, previous trauma, socioeconomic status, and history of mental health disorders
PTSD AND FAMILIES
3
(Bisson, 2007). Soldiers returning from war will not immediately experience the symptoms of
the disorder. The soldier will begin experiencing mood and behavioral issues which will begin to
impact their lives and their ability to function normally. Many soldiers with PTSD will attempt to
deal with their symptoms by abusing drugs or alcohol.
According to Monson et al. (2009), the research revealed the mood and behavioral issues
displayed by the soldier suffering from PTSD can negatively impact the family and impair
intimate relationships (Monson, et al. 2009). People suffering from PTSD will have violent mood
swings and are unable to cope properly with their day to day lives. The soldier will withdraw
from family members and engage in impulsive and dangerous behaviors. These behaviors can
cause additional harm to the soldier as well as cause damage to the family relationship. As a
result, many of these relationships end in divorce (Monson, et al. 2009).
Families report aggressive behavior as well quick anger and frustration by soldiers
suffering from PTSD (Monson et al., 2009). The severity of the aggression has been correlated
with the severity of the symptoms (Monson et al., 2009). Male soldiers returning from war have
been reported to display greater levels of aggression while female soldiers display higher levels
of depression. Males who are the most aggressive have been exposed to war-zone atrocities,
abuse drugs or alcohol, or suffer from a depressive disorder (Monson et al., 2009). Even though
men will display more aggression, females with PTSD will display higher levels and more
extreme symptoms (Warchal et al., 2011).
When soldiers return from war, they will engage in self-harming behaviors, but they will
also lash out at others (cite?). The people most impacted will be the family members of the
soldier suffering from PTSD. Treatment is the only course of action for addressing the symptoms
displayed. When soldiers do not get treatment for PTSD, their symptoms will spiral out of
PTSD AND FAMILIES
4
control. The counselor will play an essential role in providing the soldier with the tools for
overcoming the symptoms of the disorder. The counselor understands the complex symptoms
involved with the disorder.
The research identified two types of PTSD, persistent and chronic (Bisson, 2007).
Cognitive behavioral therapy (TFCBT) is recommended for persistent PTSD as well as social
support (Bisson, 2007). Social support is key to helping the soldier change how they think and
behave. For chronic PTSD, TFCBT, eye movement desensitization, and reprocessing have been
shown to be the most effective at relieving the symptoms. For chronic PTSD. Social support is
also necessary for success. Anti-depressants will be prescribed in the case of persistent and
chronic PTSD as a secondary line of treatment.
PTSD has become a common problem for returning soldiers. When soldiers suffer from
PTSD and do not seek out treatment, the symptoms of the disorder will worsen. The soldier will
begin to withdraw from the family or display signs of aggression. As a result, soldiers with
PTSD will damage relationships with family members and destroy intimate relationships. In
order for the soldier to overcome the symptoms of the disorder, they will need to seek long-term
treatment. When a soldier suffers PTSD, they will experience significant distress which can
completely disrupt their lives and the lives of their families.
PTSD AND FAMILIES
5
References
Bison, J. (2007). Post-traumatic stress disorder. Occupational Medicine, 57(6): 399-403
Monson, C. et al. (2009). Military-related PTSD and Intimate Relationships: From Description to
Theory-Driven Research and Intervention Development. Clinical Psychology Review,
29(8): 707–714.
Warchal, J. R., West, P. L., Graham, L. B., Gerke, S. B., & Warchal, A. J. (2011). Families in
crisis: When the veteran returns home. Retrieved from
http://counselingoutfitters.com/vistas/vistas11/Article_16.pdf

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