Please see attachment to answer questions below To successfully complete this essay, you will need to answer the following questions:Explain the cultural relevance of the article. Who funded this magazine? What are their political biases?What is the main point of the article? What is the writer’s message to his/ her readers?Did the magazine make an impact on popular culture?Your thesis for the essay should attempt to answer this question:Explain the cultural relevance of the article. How did this particular magazine article reflect and/ or attempt to manipulate the cultural values of its audience? How can you prove this?This essay should be 2 pages, in APA style, utilizing the college’s library resources.Women’s Movement Under Siege
Feminists lament at a caucus in San Jose
“The woman’s movement is in trouble,” boomed C. Delores Tucker, secretary of the Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania. “We have lost direction and are mired in disunity.” Few of her listeners at last week’s
biennial meeting of the National Women’s Political Caucus in San Jose, Calif., were inclined to disagree.
For the faltering feminist movement, 1977 has been a discouraging year. The Supreme Court ruling that
states no longer have to spend Medicaid funds on elective abortions for the poor was an unexpected
blow. The Equal Rights Amendment is stalled just three states short of ratification, and conservative
anti-feminist forces are picking up strength in their fight against federally funded day care centers, ERA
and other women’s programs. The San Jose meeting echoed with sour charges of “betrayal,” “desertion”
and “ego tripping.”
Who is responsible for the feminists’ woes? Among those blamed were President Carter, the press, the
radical right —and the American political system itself. Complained San Jose Vice Muyor Susanne
Wilson: “We don’t have real politics. It is not the politics of individuals but of institutions that men have
created.” Said Gloria Steinem: “Women are beginning to get very cynical about this. It isn’t a crisis of the
women’s movement. It’s a crisis of democracy.”
One concern was a feeling of being abandoned by the press. “Let them move on to their next thing,”
said Jill Ruckleshaus, former head of the U.S. International Women’s Year Commission. “They’ve done us
no good.” Boston University Professor Sally Lunt dramatically accused the press of “gearing up for a
women-against-women bloodbath” at this fall’s National Women’s Conference in Houston.
Behind that statement is the fear that things could go poorly for feminists in Houston. Antiabortionists,
members of the Total Woman movement and other conservatives have elected between 15% and 20%
of the state delegates to the meeting. The Ku Klux Klan claims to control at least one official state
delegation—Mississippi’s—and has threatened to disrupt the meeting. Summed up one delegate: “It’s
kind of a reverse ’60s, with the regressive forces threatening to disrupt us.” But Liz Carpenter, Lady Bird
Johnson’s former press secretary and now a top leader in the ERA drive, had a soothing prediction:
“Houston is not going to be a bad scene. We are going to emerge realizing we want the same things.”
Steinem told the 1,500 delegates that the movement is just one victim of the burgeoning radical right.
“The efficiently organized opposition to the women’s movement,” she said, “is simply an early warning
system of a total right-wing attack on civil rights, gun control, unions and social legislation.”
Aside from the defection of male politicians and the threat from the right, what bothered the delegates
most was attacks on “reproductive freedom.” Frances (“Sissy”) Farenthold, a former Texas legislator
who is now president of Wells College in New York, accused President Carter of “ringing pietism” for his
stand on public aid for abortion, and sarcastically attacked the recent Supreme Court ruling. Said she:
“Every case the Supremes have heard of late has resulted in constitutional disaster.” Among the
resolutions approved by the caucus was one calling on feminist supporters to avoid tourism in the 15
states that have not yet passed ERA, and to boycott products made in those states. The meeting was
remarkably free of divisiveness. One reason: the sobering sense that the beleaguered movement cannot
afford petty squabbles. Fears for the future produced chin-up rhetoric. “I am not predicting failure,” said
Steinem. “I have great faith in women and in some men who understand that this is a revolution.”
Translation: the movement is apprehensive, and at bay.
Women’s Movement Under Siege. (1977). Time, 110(13), 70.
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