1. In the Summa Theologia, Thomas Aquinas demonstrates five reasons (he calls it the five ways) why the existence of God is a necessary and logical conclusion. Put yourself in the shoes of an atheist and comment on each of the five proofs. Which proof do you feel would be the most wanting? Now put yourself into the shoes of a modern day Christian, and comment on each of the five proofs. Which proof do you feel is the most substantial? [Feel free to change (modernize) the proofs to fit into your metaphysics]Be sure your answer is in AT LEAST 300 words!2. Anselm’s ontological argument purports to be an a priori (before we have any experience, meaning we don’t need to experience anything to believe this) proof of God’s existence. Anselm starts with premises that do not depend on experience for their justification and then proceeds to the conclusion that God exists. His aim is to refute the fool who says in his heart that there is no God (Psalms 14:1). This fool has two important features.He understands the claim that God exists.He does not believe that God exists.Please CLICK HERE to read a more complex version (modernized) of the Ontological Argument (everyone can thank Tyson for inspiring this question). Please CLICK HERE to view the original course resource. Explain the Ontological Argument using a bulleted structure. Please use an example for each bullet point you make. Now here is the catch: PRETEND YOUR AUDIENCE IS AN INTELLIGENT 11 YEAR OLD. Be sure your reply has AT LEAST 5 major bulleted points and make sure each point has a real world example that elucidates your reply. Be sure your answer is in AT LEAST 300 words!3. The aftermath of World War II spawned no identifiable Lost Generation, but it did bring a word for intellectuals to play with: existentialism. At first it appeared to be nothing but a new French fad—redolent of sex, sidewalk cafes, tight blue jeans and Communism. But on examination it seems that all kinds of respectable thinkers are existentialists, and that France’s Atheist Jean-Paul Sartre represents merely a quasi-Communist splinter group in a movement that grew out of the thoughts of the great 19th century Danish religious thinker, Sören Kierkegaard. What is a modern-day existentialist in your own words? Can an existentialist ever be religious? Why or why not. Please provide examples to support your view (try using link(s) to a(n) article and/or video on the internet. Be sure your answer is in AT LEAST 300 words!4. In the Myth of Sisyphus Camus comment that the absurd man is amoral, this is not to say that he is immoral. He is guided only by his own integrity, and integrity does not need to be guided by a moral code. Because he is free from morality, and thus from the concepts of guilt or wrong-doing, Camus describes the absurd man as “innocent.” He gives an example of an absurd man, the famous seducer, Don Juan. He moves from woman to woman, seducing each one in turn with the same tactics—the same maneuvers—with which he seduced his previous lovers. He never stays with one woman too long before moving on to his next conquest. Camus dismisses all accusations that Don Juan is desperately seeking true love, or that he is melancholy, or that he is unimaginatively repetitive, or that he is callously selfish, or that he will be a miserable old man. All these accusations seem to assume that Don Juan is ultimately hoping to achieve transcendence, to find something that will take him beyond his day-to-day seductions, and that he is totally incapable of finding that transcendence. He lives without hope of finding any transcendent significance in his life, and he recognizes the meaninglessness of his seductions. He is not looking for true love; he wants only to experience the continual repetition of his conquests. He is not melancholy; that would suppose that he hopes for something more or that he doesn’t know all that he needs to know. He is not unimaginatively repetitive in his seductions; he is interested in quantity, not quality, and so if the same techniques always get him the desired result there is no reason to alter them. He is not callously selfish; he may be selfish in his own way, but he does not seek to possess or control those whom he seduces. He will not suffer the consequences of his actions; he lives in full awareness of who he is and of where he is going.Explain what Camus is trying to say (give the basics of Camus’ existentialism) using your own life as an example. Use the actual “Myth of Sisyphus” as a metaphor and support Camus’s viewpoint. Be sure your answer is in AT LEAST 300 words!5. Augustine and Sartre may seem like radically different philosophers.Augustine’s philosophy stems from his belief on god. he claims that for one who seeks truth, the concept of god must be incorporated, for only in god can one find the truth. however, in seeking truth, one must also have faith, for without faith, one cannot obtain the true knowledge. For sartre, who does not believe in the existence of a divine being, his ethical theory stems from the concept of existentialism. he claims that in reality, imposing rational categories does not help one better understand humanity. Though they are different they may have some similarities as well… Cast yourself as a playwright (a person who writes plays) and create two characters: St. Augustine and John Paul Sartre. Imagine these two characters meeting and discussing the concept of FREE WILL. The place they meet and/or the time period is up to you. You may also chose the “how” and “why” or just leave it up to the audience’s imagination. This assignment should be finished in AT LEAST 400 words!Here are some guidelines:There should be at least two charactersEach character should have an identifiable position, although their positions can, of course, change during the course of the dialogue.Address the question of FREE WILL clearly. There should be within the dialogue an identifiable introduction to the issue.There should be within the dialogue an identifiable conclusion, although it need not settle the issue.At least some characters should present arguments.At least some characters should critique arguments.At least some characters should be pretty smart.The dialogue should display insight into the issue.The dialogue should be fair to several sides of the issue (although the characters don’t have to be fair)The conversation should lead to clarification of positions, distinctions, premises, and arguments.The conversation should lead to improvement of positions in light of objections and questions raised.The conversation should flow naturally so that the argument and positions get developed.This assignment should be finished in AT LEAST 400 words!t the arguments.Here is an example of the basic format of a dialogue: This assignment should be finished in AT LEAST 400 words!
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