The terrorist attack in the United States on the 11th of September in 2001,
raised security issues of concern. Stakeholders were forced to establish
measures that would lead to these security issues being addressed. Moreover,
the stakeholders also sought to create a secure connection among all security
departments in the country. These connections would be between federal, states
and local homeland security. The proposed relationships led to the need for
reorganizing law enforcement agencies and intelligence organizations so as to
enhance certainty of the security (Maniscalco and Christen, 2011).

The security concerns led to the development of the homeland security
department at the federal level. The new administration has contributed to
significant modifications in the security organizations of the country. Some of
the changes such as reducing the obstacles that were there before the improved
connections in the security departments have proved to be effective (Bullock, Haddow,
and Coppola, 2013). Intelligence levels have also improved as a result of the
increased connections in all security departments of home security. This has
even led to the need for cyber surveillance to ensure that every activity going
around the net is monitored properly and dealt with before it goes out of hand.

Patriot Act

The human rights amendments assist in provisions made by the state and the
federal government in cases of emergencies as proposed by the Constitution. USA
Patriot Act has a significant role as well in utilizing the proposed strategies
by homeland security in responding to security issues and emergencies. From the
personal point of view, it has been argued that the Department of Homeland
Security has had some of the most rigid policies in the United States. The
policies were made immediately as a way of responding to the effect of the
September 11. One of this is cyber surveillance which seems not to be much
effective. Actually, over the years, the national security issues have been on
the rise since its conception (Maniscalco and Christen, 2011). Though there has
been a range of assurances on the side of the departments, most of the citizens
are not sure that this can work and that they are sure that the next minute they
will not have heard of the attack.


Cyber surveillance has since not been effective as it may be thought.
Additionally, it has continually been intruding on the personal privacy of
citizens and outsiders who do not need to be monitored. The activity which was
established through the Patriot Act has just continued to be against the human
rights and the right to privacy as a spell in the Constitution and this case
the bill of rights.

Abbott, E. B., Hetzel, O. J., and American Bar Association.
(2010). Homeland Security and Emergency Management: A Legal Guide for State and
Local Governments. Chicago, IL: Section of State and Local Government Law,
American Bar Association.
Bullock, J. A., Haddow, G. D., and Coppola, D. P. (2013). Homeland
Security: The Essentials. Waltham, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Maniscalco, P. M., and Christen, H. T. (2011). Homeland Security:
Principles and Practice of Terrorism Response. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and
Bartlett Publishers.

” You stated that the Patriot Act involves human rights violations–in
what way?  Many people agree that the Act allows for civil rights
violations, but this is not the same thing as human rights.  What human
rights violations do you see from this Act?” 
Respond to the bold paragraph ABOVE base on the section above it… in APA format with At least two reference…..

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