Can someone make this original? I have attached file.Running head: WATER, ELECTROLYTE, ETC…
Can You Drink Too Much Water?
BIO169
Instructor Carlol Phillips
Renita Kirkman
7/14/2016
WATER, ELECTROLYTE, ETC…
2
It is possible to drink too much water. There are ways to stay safely hydrated without
causing severe harm to your body. Water should be your first choice of beverage. You should
drink water with each meal and between each meal and also before and during exercise. When
you drink too much water, your kidneys are unable to excrete the excess water, the electrolyte
(mineral) content of the blood is diluted, resulting in low sodium levels in the blood, a condition
called hyponatremia. Endurance athletes, such as marathon runners who drink large amounts of
water, are at higher risk of hyponatremia (Nutrition).
Drinking too much water is called overhydrating and be deadly. It can deplete your
electrolytes such as sodium. Electrolyte imbalance and tissue swelling can cause an irregular
heartbeat, allow fluid to enter the lungs, and may cause fluttering eyelids. Swelling puts pressure
on the brain and nerves, which can cause behaviors resembling alcohol intoxication. Swelling of
brain tissues can cause seizures, coma and ultimately death unless water intake is restricted and a
hypertonic saline (salt) solution is administered.
If treatment is given before tissue swelling causes too much cellular damage, then a
complete recovery can be expected within a few days. Water intake varies depending on age,
gender, activity level, diet, exercise habits, environment, body size and composition and goals.
WATER, ELECTROLYTE, ETC…
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There are special situations, such as people with liver and renal disease, who need to limit water
intake because their kidneys are not healthy.
There is no scientific proof that humans have to consume 8 glasses of water per day. The
kidneys of a healthy adult can process fifteen liters of water a day! You are unlikely to suffer
from water intoxication, even if you drink a lot of water, as long as you drink over time as
opposed to in taking an enormous volume at one time. As a general guideline, most adults need
about three quarts of fluid each day. Much of that water comes from food, so 8-12 eight ounce
glasses a day is a common recommended intake. You may need more water if the weather is very
warm or very dry, if you are exercising, or if you are taking certain medications. The bottom line
is it’s possible to drink too much water, but unless you are running a marathon or an infant, water
intoxication is a very uncommon condition (Chemistry).
WATER, ELECTROLYTE, ETC…
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References
Nutrition and healthy eating. (n.d.). Retrieved July 14, 2016, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthylifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/water/art-20044256?pg=2
Can You Drink too Much Water? (n.d.). Retrieved July 14, 2016, from
http://chemistry.about.com/cs/5/f/blwaterintox.htm

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