READ THESE two discussion questions and provide the answer – you also need to provide two references per answer1748390 – Wiley US ©
derator or interviewer of the group be familiar with group processes and with the range of
possible roles as moderator (Barbour, 2008; Hennink, 2014; Krueger & Casey, 2015; Stewart
& Shamdasani, 2015).
Finally, “focus groups work best for topics people could talk about to each other in their
everyday lives—but don’t” (Macnaghten & Myers, 2004, p. 65). Obviously, a focus group is
a poor choice for topics that are sensitive, highly personal, and culturally inappropriate to
talk about in the presence of strangers. Of course, it’s not always obvious ahead of time
how appropriate a topic might be. Crowe (2003) reports successful use of focus groups to
create culturally appropriate HIV prevention material for the deaf community. Jowett and
O’Toole (2006) report an interesting analysis of two focus groups—one of mature students
and their attitude toward participation in higher education, and one of young women and
their views of feminism. They found that the mature students’ focus group was a failure
but the young women’s group was a success. The authors had not anticipated “how
ingrained the sense of inadequacy is for some people who have felt excluded from
education” (p. 462), nor how the power imbalance among members of the mature
students’ group and between the researcher and the group inhibited participation. Finally,
Stewart and Williams (2005) explore the practical and ethical issues of conducting
synchronous and asynchronous online focus groups.
Thus, as with any other data collection method, focus groups are appropriate to be used
when this is the best way to get the best data that addresses your research question. And
as with any other method, the advantages need to be weighed against the disadvantages;
one also needs to develop the skills necessary for using this technique.
There is no question that the Internet has changed the world. It has also increased the
possibilities for the myriad ways that one can collect data through online venues in
conducting qualitative research through various information communication technologies
(ICTs) and computer mediated communication (CMC) tools (Salmons, 2015). Qualitative
data are collected from or through email, blogs, online discussion groups, Skype, tweets,
texts, and various forms of social media. Here we discuss issues in conducting online
One can conduct online interviews synchronously (in real time) through various CMC tools
such as Skype or Adobe Connect. These are typically verbal interviews with a video
component that are more like face-to-face interviews; one can also conduct voice-to-voice
real-time interviews over the telephone. One can also conduct interviews asynchronously
(where there is a lag time) over email or on an online discussion group; asynchronous
interviews tend to be text-based or written interviews. There are strengths and weaknesses
to both synchronous and asynchronous venues. As will be discussed in more detail later,
Topic 4 DQ 1
Imagine you are serving on the board of a for-profit educational services company. Staff communicate to the board their concerns about the transition from foster care to independence for young adults who have reached the age of 18. These individuals are no longer eligible to be in the foster care system. Of particular concern is their self-esteem through this transition. There is extensive quantitative research in the scholarly literature regarding the function of self-esteem in such a transition, but a dearth of qualitative research on the topic. You want to assist staff in providing adequate support for this client population by commissioning an internal qualitative study to better understand the phenomenon and improve their transitions. Develop a problem statement for this query using a case study design. What would be the purpose of the study? What research questions would you ask? Justify each response in reference to the nature of case study design.
Topic 4 DQ 2
Having identified and developed a case study problem statement, purpose statement, and research questions regarding the transition to independence of emancipated foster care youth and their self-esteem, what do you perceive are the epistemological and methodological strengths of this design for exploring the phenomenon of the study and answering the research questions? What are the epistemological and methodological limitations of the design for the same purpose?
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